Crafts and Folklore - a journey through the mystery and traditions
Montana Region Nišava Region

Folklore - Nišava Region

Along with religion are found many similarities between Serbian beliefs and religion as well as in neighboring and in more distant peoples, on the one hand, the old German beliefs, but on the other, in the customs and beliefs of some Hungarian-Phoenician peoples. Many Caucasian customs in their nature, often in their details, are almost identical with the Serbian customs (for instance: the cult of fire, Cult of the illuminated tree, the Yule log customs and the first koledar etc.). Folk religion of rural society as a whole has been formed in the Balkans under the influence of the beliefs of the indigenous peoples of the Balkans, especially under the influence of Christianity. Created is a new religion formed the boundary between two different ideologies, two different religious traditions - Christianity and paganism. Difference between the new and the old religion, between Paganism and Christianity. New religion, Christianity, the "predominant" as official doctrine in the churches and among the people. Though it assimilates many elements of the old religion. This happened with official Christianity and even more with folk religion. The old gods are forgotten, but their cults, legends and myths do not disappear completely. When the Serbs accepted Christianity, everything old has continued to live and then, but has acquired a Christian interpretation. There is a reason Serbs to believe that they are religious and traditions that were once associated with the old gods, moved now to a lesser or the greater part, in the other figures super normal.

C. Chaykanovich in his study "Serbiansupreme God" (Srpska vrhovni god) has researched old Serbian cults. He went from many folk talesand legends about St. Sava. For St. Sava there is nothing historical, nothing that we can connect withthe historical personality of Sava Nemaniћ. In it we find many things that remind us of the old paganmyths and legends. For example, in many of the stories from different parts of Serbia are associated with wolves. According to a belief every year on its day, collect all the wolves and they distribute foodall year - told them where to go and what to catch and eat. There fore, he is a defender of wolves, their shepherd. Chaykanovich believe that all the talk of St. Sava are old pagan origin and amount initially were qualities of the Serbian supreme god, and when Christianity suppress paganism were transferring of St. Sava as the most famous national saint. So he "acquired" behaviors legends functions and cults of the god. According Chaykanovich, was called Dabog, Dba or Daba and his identification was with the devil. Initially had animal image presented in the form of a wolf, and later acquired human. In their initial beliefs animals were sacred totems of various tribes and peoples. Initially the wolf was sacred animal totem for the Serbs. That goes out from a file from the middle ages, which says that the Serb is a wolf.

What is the containment of Serbian old beliefs?

C. Chaykanovich thinks it is the cult of the ancestors. The whole Serbian religion is reduced to the cult of the ancestors. Some believe that the first Serbian religion was tied to the cult of nature, and then tothe dead and ancestors. In Serbian folk religion bigger role have cults than the historical origin -example at St. Sava's, feast Vidovden that prompts for the Battle of Kosovo, to Basilii Ostoroshko. According to D. Bandic cannot speak of Serbian religion as holistically because many Serbs shared beliefs with neighboring nations, but with others are limited to certain parts of the nation. Bandic do not speak about the Serbian folk religion as a folk religion of the Serbs. Accordingto him, Serbia are primarily folk festivals, the cult of St. Sava, Vidovden, three Serbian primordial phenomenon. Typical of the last two is that they have historical value.